What is Geometrical Isomerism?

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    • #4156
      AvatarAlice
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      What is geometrical isomerism? Define geometrical isomerism. Give the definition of geometrical isomerism along with examples of geometrical isomerism.

    • #4166
      Aditya SardanaAditya Sardana
      Keymaster

      Geometrical isomerism, also known as cis-trans isomerism, is a type of stereoisomerism exhibited by the compounds having the same structure but different configurations. Geometrical or geometric isomerism is shown by a wide variety of molecules that can exist in different stable configurations; the reason for this ability being the presence of a double bond (C=C, C=N, N=N), a cyclic structure (homocyclic, heterocyclic, fused ring systems), or restricted rotation about a single bond. Molecules showing geometrical isomerism are called geometrical isomers or cis-trans isomers. Geometrical isomers may or may not be optically active.


      Examples of geometrical isomerism (cis-trans isomerism)
      include isomeric 2-butenes (cis-2-butene and trans-2-butene), maleic acid (cis-butenedioic acid) and fumaric acid (trans-butenedioic acid), cis-9-octadecenoic acid (oleic acid) and trans-9-octadecenoic acid (elaidic acid), etc.

      cis-trans isomerism / geometric isomerism adidarwinian
      The cis isomer (here, cis-2-butene) has similar (or identical) atoms or groups (here, methyl groups) on the same side, whereas the trans isomer (here, trans-2-butene) has similar (or identical) atoms or groups (here, methyl groups) on the opposite side.

      Related Posts

      What is Stereoisomerism?

      What are Trans Fats?

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